The International Biennial Association (IBA) is an initiative taken from the World Biennial Forum No.1 (WBF) “Shifting Gravity,” held in Gwangju and Seoul, South Korea, in October 2012.
The WBF was initiated by Marieke van Hal, director of the Biennial Foundation, together with Yongwoo Lee, then President of the Gwangju Biennale Foundation, and Elke aus dem Moore, Head of the Visual Art Department at ifa (Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen). The Forum gathered over 450 participants from across 150 international art biennials, triennials and art-related institutions. Over 60 biennial representatives attended the “Biennial Representatives Meeting” and as an outcome from the discussions, the International Biennial Association was established.
A Preparatory Committee comprised with delegates from 21 various biennales and triennales gathered in Sharjah during March of 2013. Representatives from differing regions, histories and backgrounds were chosen to voice the diversity of political and social perspectives.
Yongwoo Lee, President of the Gwangju Biennale Foundation was elected as interim President. Marieke van Hal director of the Biennial Foundation and Bige Örer director of the Istanbul Biennale were elected to serve as the two interim Vice-Presidents for the first term. Location of the IBA office was voted to be situated in the country of residence of the President, in Gwangju, South Korea.
Three separate meetings in Venice, Istanbul and Karlsruhe took place since the initial Preparatory meeting in Sharjah, covering key objectives for the future direction of the association. Four working committees (Research, Constitution, Structure and Membership, Programming, Content and Pedagogy and, Finance) were formulated and workshops undertaken to develop programs and strategies to achieve the mission of the association, and in preparations for the General Assembly in July.
Articles of Incorporation (“AOI”) of the International Biennial Association approved as of May 9, 2015 (Venice, Italy)